绘制两个对称且有一个顶点连接的三角形

考察顶点着色器的使用

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#ifndef _FRAGMENTSHADER_H_
#define _FRAGMENTSHADER_H_
const char * fragmentShaderSource =
"#version 330 core\n"
//out:声明输出变量
"out vec4 FragColor;\n"
"void main(){\n"
"FragColor = vec4(1.0f, 0.5f, 0.2f, 1.0f);\n" //输出为固定颜色
"}\0";
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#ifndef _VERTEXSHADER_H_
#define _VERTEXSHADER_H_

const char* vertexShaderSource =
"#version 330 core\n"
"layout (location = 0) in vec3 aPos;\n"
"void main(){\n"
"gl_Position = vec4(aPos.x, aPos.y, aPos.z, 1.0);\n"
"}\0";
#endif // !_VERTEXSHADER_H_
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#include <glad\glad.h>
#include <GLFW\glfw3.h>
#include <iostream>
#include "FragmentShader.h"
#include "VertexShader.h"

const unsigned int SCR_WIDTH = 800;
const unsigned int SCR_HEIGHT = 600;

void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height);
void processInput(GLFWwindow* window);

int main() {
glfwInit();
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MAJOR, 3);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_CONTEXT_VERSION_MINOR, 3);
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_PROFILE, GLFW_OPENGL_CORE_PROFILE);

#ifdef __APPLE__
glfwWindowHint(GLFW_OPENGL_FORWARD_COMPAT, GL_TRUE);
#endif

GLFWwindow* window = glfwCreateWindow(SCR_WIDTH, SCR_HEIGHT, "LearnOpenGL", NULL, NULL);
if (window == NULL) {
std::cout << "Failed to create GLFW window" << std::endl;
glfwTerminate();
return -1;
}
glfwMakeContextCurrent(window);
glfwSetFramebufferSizeCallback(window, framebuffer_size_callback);

if (!gladLoadGLLoader((GLADloadproc)glfwGetProcAddress)) {
std::cout << "Failed to initialize GLAD" << std::endl;
return -1;
}

int vertexShader = glCreateShader(GL_VERTEX_SHADER);
glShaderSource(vertexShader, 1, &vertexShaderSource, NULL);
glCompileShader(vertexShader);

int success;
char infoLog[512];
glGetShaderiv(vertexShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &success);
if(!success){
glGetShaderInfoLog(vertexShader, 512, NULL, infoLog);
std::cout << "ERROR::SHADER::VERTEX::COMPILEATION_FAILED\n" << infoLog << std::endl;
}

int fragmentShader = glCreateShader(GL_FRAGMENT_SHADER);
glShaderSource(fragmentShader, 1, &fragmentShaderSource, NULL);
glCompileShader(fragmentShader);
glGetShaderiv(fragmentShader, GL_COMPILE_STATUS, &success);
if (!success) {
glGetShaderInfoLog(fragmentShader, 512, NULL, infoLog);
std::cout << "ERROR::SHADER::FRAGMENT::COMPILEATION_FAILED\n" << infoLog << std::endl;
}

int shaderProgram = glCreateProgram();
glAttachShader(shaderProgram, vertexShader);
glAttachShader(shaderProgram, fragmentShader);
glLinkProgram(shaderProgram);

glGetProgramiv(shaderProgram, GL_LINK_STATUS, &success);
if (!success) {
glGetProgramInfoLog(shaderProgram, 512, NULL, infoLog);
std::cout << "ERROR::SHADER::PROGRAM::LINK_FAILED\n" << infoLog << std::endl;
}

glDeleteShader(vertexShader);
glDeleteShader(fragmentShader);

float vertices[] = {
// first triangle
-0.9f, -0.5f, 0.0f, // left
-0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f, // right
-0.45f, 0.5f, 0.0f, // top
// second triangle
0.0f, -0.5f, 0.0f, // left
0.9f, -0.5f, 0.0f, // right
0.45f, 0.5f, 0.0f // top
};

unsigned int VBO, VAO;
glGenVertexArrays(1, &VAO);
glGenBuffers(1, &VBO);
glBindVertexArray(VAO);

glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, VBO);
glBufferData(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, sizeof(vertices), vertices, GL_STATIC_DRAW);

glVertexAttribPointer(0, 3, GL_FLOAT, GL_FALSE, 3 * sizeof(float), (void*)0);
glEnableVertexAttribArray(0);

glBindBuffer(GL_ARRAY_BUFFER, 0);
glBindVertexArray(0);

while (!glfwWindowShouldClose(window)) {
processInput(window);

glClearColor(0.2f, 0.3f, 0.3f, 1.0f);
glClear(GL_COLOR_BUFFER_BIT);

glUseProgram(shaderProgram);
glBindVertexArray(VAO);
glDrawArrays(GL_TRIANGLES, 0, 6);

glfwSwapBuffers(window);
glfwPollEvents();
}

glDeleteVertexArrays(1, &VBO);
glDeleteBuffers(1, &VBO);

glfwTerminate();

return 0;
}

void framebuffer_size_callback(GLFWwindow* window, int width, int height) {
glViewport(0, 0, width, height);
}
void processInput(GLFWwindow* window) {
if (glfwGetKey(window, GLFW_KEY_ESCAPE) == GLFW_PRESS) {
glfwSetWindowShouldClose(window, true);
}
}